Emerging New Tools in Software Testing
Software testing has over time stamped and validated its necessity in the software market. It has, therefore, become a protocol to ensure that all software and related products are tested before they are released to the market. This has served to ensure there are fewer bugs and defects before products are made available to its consumers and clients. Quality Assurance testing has therefore established itself as a distinct profession, worthy of its name. With the emergence of the trade, new tools are being designed to ensure the ease and certainty of the testing process. These tools are emerging to replace or work hand in hand with the current tools to produce the best output of testing. We are going to talk about these new tools and emerging trends in the software testing world in detail throughout this article.
- Serenity BDD
This is an open-source tool that enables a quality assurance tester to write regression and acceptance tests easily and at a faster rate than earlier before. Serenity is a behaviour-driven development (BDD) tool that offers a variety of functionalities to ensure that testing becomes a less cumbersome process as before.
Behaviour-driven development (BDD) is a software development technique that offers to provide testers and software management team with shared tools and development protocols in a bid to ease the software development processes. Serenity as a tool is highly built on the behaviour-driven development (BDD) concept. It works in tandem with most behaviour-driven development tools like Cucumber-JVM and SpecFlow.
Serenity, or previously known as Thucydides, offers a variety of advantages that have arisen recently as a new trend. Serenity offers a new concept of reporting that has made it stand high above its peers. It provides a detailed report of the testing outcome, which is, whether a test passes or fails. Serenity offers screenshots for the testing processes to enable the tester to be able to know where a problem occurred. It also provides a step by step documentation of the procedures that the testing undertook so that accountability can be taken to ensure that the testing process is completed. Serenity also groups testing requirements and showcases how they have been tested accompanied with the time it took to test the grouped requirements. This allows the quality assurance tester to pinpoint the exact part of the software that needs fixing instead of repeatedly re-testing the software and as a result saving on time.
Serenity as a tool also provides shortcuts that simplify the testing processes. For example, Serenity automatically instantiates page objects so that the test can easily interact with a web page that is being tested or worked on. Serenity also comes with its libraries that help for ease in coding using the Java programming language.
This tool is a significant milestone in the software testing world and is a trend that will revolutionise this field.
- Gauge Framework
Gauge FrameWork is an automation tool that has been developed by the company that also designed Selenium, ThoughtWorks. This automation tool is open-source and is compatible with multiple operating systems. This is a show that it can be implemented on Windows, Mac or Linux. This versatility has highlighted the Gauge Framework as one of the best automation tools that a tester can be equipped with. This means it enables the tester with the ability to test software that is designed for a particular platform or operating system.
Gauge framework is a relatively easy tool to use and offers plugins for Java and functionality that enables you to create your plugins in the case where it is absent. Gauge has a straightforward syntax that allows one to generate text scripts that can easily be read and understood.
- Selenium combined with wrapper methods
One of the relatively older testing tools in this article, Selenium holds a place here due to its constant evolution. Selenium has been in existence for more than a decade and is probably the most popular and commonly used tool in the software testing industry. It has an open-source license and supports the writing of scripts using various programming languages like Java, Python, Perl, C++, and PHP among many others.
Selenium is a multi-platform automation tool and works with all the standard operating systems like Windows, Mac and Linux. It is also compatible with most web browsers and thus is a very flexible tool. It also works well in tandem with other automation framework tools like Gauge Framework and Robot Framework. Gauge Framework has been discussed above while Robot Framework will be tackled in detail later in the article.
Combining wrapper methods with the Selenium automation tool enables better error handling. Wrapper methods will allow the tester to conduct better timing and synchronisation to ensure that reliable and useful tests can be performed. Wrapper methods offer a lot of advantages to the tester concerning the software testing process. These methods allow for better logging capabilities, automatic restarting of a test in the encounter of specified error, restoring specific instances in the testing process and enables the tester to tackle problems in a particular manner.
The open-source version which can be accessed on the automation tool’s website, SahiPro, offers a variety of functionalities that has seen it enjoy a considerable rise in the testing software business. It provides the documentation of report and its customisation, the distribution of tests, automatically accepts SSL certificates, flex automation, excel frameworks, script editor to create functions and store reports in the database efficiently. These features are available only in the proprietary versions.
For the open-source version, it offers functionalities like playback and recording on web browsers, playback reports on HTML and JUnit Style among others. These functionalities provide the basic concepts in the testing process. For example, recording and playback on the web browsers is test automation of HTML applications.
- HP Unified Functional Testing (UFT) Software.
This is an automation tool that is commonly used for regression and functional testing of software. It has seen a lot of evolution to become one of the best tools in the testing software. It has arisen to be one of the most dependable quality assurance testing tools. It was formerly known as the Hewlett Packard QuickTest Professional (QTP).
UFT is used commercially to test mobile applications, web services, application programming interfaces (API) and also the graphical user interface (GUI) testing of web, desktop and mobile applications. Unified Functional Testing (UFT) software uses Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript) as the language to write scripts for the testing procedures. The UTF software is considered a more of a user interface software compared to other forms of testing. Unified Functional testing software (UTF) is also a multi-platform software and is thus available for operating systems like Windows, Mac and Linux. It is also compatible with multiple browsers like Chrome, Internet Explorer and Firefox.
Unified Functional Testing (UFT) software is loaded with a variety of functionalities that makes it one of the best testing tools to try out. UFT offers distributed testing that ensures that multiple tests can be run in a simultaneous manner in a bid to reduce on time for testing. UFT also has an engine that allows for a tester to run more distributed tests on more than one machine without requiring multiple software licenses. HPE Unified Functional Testing Software also offers a visual test flow that allows testers to tackle all tests in a central place, ensure that debugging is conducted and change parameters that need replacing. UFT also possesses a feature that sets it apart from other testing tools, image-based object recognition. This is a great feature that enables for proper testing of application programming interfaces (API) and Graphical user interfaces (GUI).
- Robot FrameWork
This is an automation tool that is used for acceptance testing. It is open-source software, and given that it is hosted by Github, the core framework is mainly implemented using the Python programming language. In addition to Python, Java is also another programming language that can be used to perform or create scripts for testing processes.
Robot FrameWork is not dependent on a particular operating system and therefore can be used across various platforms like Windows, Mac and Linux. This is also true for multiple applications as Robot FrameWork is compatible with most applications. Robot FrameWork is much defined with a simple syntax that allows for test data to be described in files. It also boasts an architecture that can be aided with test libraries which can be self- made or downloaded from Github.
Robot FrameWork is inbuilt with tools that generate reports and logs based on the testing processes. Its compatibility also ranges to be able to work with other tools like Selenium which enables it to add various functionalities to its frameworks like being a test automation tool for web applications and browsers. It’s one of the best upcoming software testing tools that every tester out there should be able to try out.
- IBM Rational Functional Tester
Designed by the International Business Machines Corporation, commonly known as IBM, Rational Software division, the IBM Rational Functional Tester is an automation tool that has recently proved its worth in the software testing community. It is expected to rise to become one of the most used testing tools as the years go on. The Rational Functional Tester is mainly used as an automation testing tool for conducting regression and functional testing on software.
The Rational Functional Tester also has capabilities that allow for data-driven and graphical user interface (GUI) testing. This automation tool makes use of a recorder to record user actions which are then compared to the application or software that is being tested. The recordings are then used to create a test script which is usually in either a visual basic format or in a Java format. Once the recording has been done, the tester is then able to view by playing back and thus any discrepancies can be seen and worked on.
The Rational Functional Tester is a multi-platform automation tool and is compatible with most browsers, applications and environments. It also has a key feature where it allows for the process of visual editing through the use of screenshots and is also equipped with advanced ScriptAssure technology.
This is another excellent automation tool that has just seen a stable release of the software recently released into the market earlier this year. It is a graphical user interface test automation framework that is designed to test on a variety of applications. It is more common for the testing of web-based, desktop and mobile applications. So far, Ranorex is only available in one platform that is the Microsoft Windows. This means that it can also work on the Windows server should the need arise. It is compatible with multiple web browsers, and for the mobile system environment, it works with all Android and iOS applications.
Like the IBM Rational Functional Tester mentioned earlier, Ranorex has a recorder termed as the Ranorex recorder which records user action with the application and from the activity recorded, a script is created. This script can then be edited to cater for all the needed testing options by a feature called the Ranorex studio action editor. The action recorded can be viewed by the tester via common programming languages like C# and Visual basic.net. Ranorex also offers a playback option so that the tester can zoom in on the real issue that needs to be tested.
Similar to the format the recorded actions can be viewed, Ranorex also offers the tester with a standard programming language in which to write the necessary test modules. Visual basic.net and C# are a pretty common coding language and can, therefore, be easily implemented.
- Test Complete
Developed by SmartBear Software, TestComplete is a software that has seen its evolution over the years. At the time of this writing, a stable release of TestComplete has just been released to the market three months ago. TestComplete is an automation tool that works on the Microsoft Windows, the Android operating system, iOS operating system and the web platforms. TestComplete has a lot of functionalities in the software testing field that it has been heralded as one of the best emerging trends as of 2018.
TestComplete is used for functional testing, regression testing, functional or graphical user interface (GUI) testing, keyword testing, web testing, mobile application testing, coverage testing, distributed testing, unit testing and data-driven testing among many others., It is regarded as one of the complete tools in software testing as it has the capability to carry out a variety of software tests.
TestComplete also has an added advantage as it offers the option for the tester to write the script in very many programming languages. This ensures that the majority of testers are not locked out of creating test modules due to issues with programming languages. Conventional programming languages supported by TestComplete include Python, VBScript and Visual Basic among many others.
Testing has other key features that make it outstanding and worth a try for software testing. The capability of having the functionality of record and playback helps the tester be able to analyse the running test and fix all that is needed. TestComplete also has bug tracking integration and test visualisation which helps in taking screenshots during record and playback.
- Testing Whiz
As stated by their slogan, “Code Less Test More“, TestingWhiz is an automation testing tool for websites, mobile, database and software. TestingWhiz is one of the most anticipated upcoming trends in the software testing field. This automation tool encompasses a variety of testing type. Some of the testings that can be done by this automation testing tool include black box testing, functional testing, Graphical user interface testing, database testing, mobile application testing and user acceptance testing among many others.
Testing is also integrated with inbuilt job scheduler to ensure that the testing can be allocated on what times to run leading to the ease in the testing process. Similar to the above-stated automation tools, TestingWhiz has the record and playback option that enables user action on the application can be reviewed to ensure that the testing process is completed.
TestingWhiz is multi-platform and can be run on an Android operating system, iOS operating system and Microsoft Windows operating system. It is also compatible with the most available browsers like Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer. It also has excellent server integration that enables for web pages to be tested well on the graphical user interface (GUI).
The above mentioned are majorly automation tools as automation is also a new trend that is revolutionising the software testing tools. Those automated testing tools are among the common emerging trends in the software testing world. They have the best of features that are bound to give you the best testing experience in lesser time with better results. Their compatibility with various platforms ensures that most clients or customers can have their products successfully tested irrelative of the platform they have been built on. With this tools, every quality assurance tester is assured that his professional work will experience an increase in quality.